Provinces and territories of Canada

related topics
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{country, population, people}
{island, water, area}
{company, market, business}

The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second-largest country by area. There are ten provinces and three territories. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces are jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territories derive their mandates and powers from the federal government. Similarly, in modern Canadian constitutional theory the provinces are considered to be co-sovereign divisions of the monarchy, and each province has its own "Crown" represented by the lieutenant-governor, whereas the territories are not sovereign and are simply parts of the federal realm, and have a commissioner.

The ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan, while the three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.

Contents

Location of provinces and territories


Provinces

Notes:

1. de facto
2. French Language Services Act
3. Charter of the French Language
4. Section Sixteen of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
5. Manitoba Act
Prior to Confederation, Ontario and Quebec formed the Province of Canada.
British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island were separate colonies before joining Canada.
Manitoba was created simultaneously with the Northwest Territories.
Saskatchewan and Alberta were created out of land that had been part of the Northwest Territories.
Newfoundland was an independent Dominion within the British Commonwealth prior to joining Canada. Britain recognized Labrador as a possession of Newfoundland in 1927. The official name of the province changed from Newfoundland to Newfoundland and Labrador by constitutional amendment on 6 December 2001.
With the exception of Fredericton, the provincial capitals are all either the largest or second-largest cities in their respective provinces (Fredericton is the third largest city in New Brunswick after Moncton and Saint John).

Full article ▸

related documents
Regions of England
Northwest Territories
List of Governors of California
Östersund Municipality
Carl McCall
Mary McAleese
Foreign relations of Mongolia
Barisan Nasional
Norman Mineta
Southern Ireland
Treaties of Rome
Voting
Politics of Tuvalu
Alejandro Toledo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
United Kingdom general election, 1983
Bill Simon
Joop den Uyl
Henry A. Wallace
Luis A. Ferré
Charles G. Dawes
Government of Kazakhstan
History of the United States National Security Council 1963–1969
Politics of the Dominican Republic
Internationalism (politics)
Government of Hong Kong
Ray Burke
History of the United States National Security Council
President of South Korea
Recall election