Quapaw, Oklahoma

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Quapaw is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 984 as of the 2000 census.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), all land.


In 1891 Kansas farmer Isaac Bingham moved his family south into Ottawa County. The family established a community and opened several businesses and Quapaw Chief John Quapaw donated land for a community school. The Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railroad established a railroad stop and siding at the community location. This established access to markets for hay and agricultural products of the area. A post office was opened in the community grocery store in 1897.[3]

The community leaders platted "New Town Quapaw," on land to the east purchased from Harry Whitebird. This "new" town was incorporated in 1917 as Quapaw. Discovery of lead and zinc ores in the area extended the Tri-State mining district and resulted in a population boom as thousands of miners moved into the area. With the population and economic boom new businesses moved in and the 1920 census listed 1,394 residents. In the 1920s U. S. Route 66 was developed through Quapaw and was paved through Ottawa County by 1933. The population declined to 1,054 by 1940 and as mining activity in the area declined the population dropped to 850 in 1960.[3]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 984 people, 352 households, and 258 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,759.4 people per square mile (678.4/km²). There were 423 housing units at an average density of 756.3/sq mi (291.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 68.60% White, 22.46% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 8.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.

There were 352 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.16.

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