Road

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A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way between two places, which typically has been improved to allow travel by some conveyance, including a horse, cart, or motorized vehicle. Modern roads are normally smoothed, paved, or otherwise prepared to allow easy travel[1] although historically many roads were simply recognizable routes without any formal construction or maintenance.[2]

A road is made up of one or more roadways (British: Carriageway) each with one or more lanes and optionally also sidewalks (British:pavement) and tree lawns (British: verge).

Contents

Definitions

For purposes of international statistical comparison, the OECD defines a road as "a line of communication (travelled way) using a stabilized base other than rails or air strips open to public traffic, primarily for the use of road motor vehicles running on their own wheels" which should include "bridges, tunnels, supporting structures, junctions, crossings, interchanges and toll roads but not cycle paths".[3] In urban areas roads may diverge through a city or village and be named as streets, serving a dual function as urban space easement and route.[4]

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