Rockingham, Vermont

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Rockingham is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States, along the Connecticut River. The population was 5,309 at the 2000 census. Rockingham includes the incorporated villages of Bellows Falls and Saxtons River, as well as a large rural area west of Interstate 91.

Rockingham has no formal town center, instead town offices and the Rockingham Public Library are located in the village of Bellows Falls. The listed center of town is on Route 103, a popular east-west route across the state, the location of the Rockingham Meeting House.[citation needed]



One of the New Hampshire grants, it was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on December 28, 1752 and named for Lord Rockingham. The township was granted to Samuel Johnson and 72 others. First settled in 1753, pioneers fished for salmon and shad.[3] By 1771, the population reached 225. In 1785, Colonel Enoch Hale erected the first bridge over the Connecticut River, and until 1796, it remained the only bridge across.[4] The village of Bellows Falls became an important mill town.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.3 square miles (109.6 km2), of which, 41.9 square miles (108.5 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km2) of it (0.97%) is water. Drained by the Williams River, Rockingham is bounded on the east by the Connecticut River.

It is crossed by Interstate 91, U.S. Route 5, Vermont Route 103 and Vermont Route 121.

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