Rose Hill, Lee County, Virginia

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Rose Hill is a census-designated place (CDP) in Lee County, Virginia, United States. The population was 714 at the 2000 census.



Rose Hill is located at 36°40′19″N 83°22′12″W / 36.67194°N 83.37°W / 36.67194; -83.37 (36.672039, -83.370062)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.9 km²), all of it land.


Rose Hill was the site of Martin's Station, the westernmost frontier fort, built by Indian trader and later Brigadier General Joseph Martin, namesake of Martinsville, Virginia, and one of the first explorers of the Powell Valley.[2] After Indian raids on his Powell Valley settlement, Martin abandoned his early fort. Then six years later, in early 1775, Martin returned to the region and built the fort at Martin's Station in early 1775 on the north side of Martin's Creek. The wooden fort contained some six cabins built about 30 feet (9.1 m) apart with stockades between the buildings. The fort was later abandoned the following year after conflicts between settlers and Native Americans. Martin himself later sold his landholdings in Lee County, which totalled some 25,000 acres (100 km2).[3]

Today there is a replica of the fort Martin's Station, originally built at Rose Hill, at nearby Wilderness Road State Park.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 714 people, 306 households, and 197 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 207.7 people per square mile (80.1/km²). There were 344 housing units at an average density of 100.1/sq mi (38.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.76% White, 0.98% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.56% Asian, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.14% of the population.

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