San Andreas, California

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Coordinates: 38°11′46″N 120°40′50″W / 38.19611°N 120.68056°W / 38.19611; -120.68056

San Andreas is an unincorporated census-designated place and the county seat of Calaveras County, California. The population was 2,615 at the 2000 census. Like most towns in the region, it was originally founded during the California Gold Rush. The town is located on State Route 49 and is registered as California Historical Landmark #252.

Contents

History

Settled by Mexican gold miners in 1848 and named after the Catholic parish St. Andrew, the town has been a noted mining camp since early days. The gold from the initially discovered placers gave out after a few years, but the discovery of gold in an underground river channel in 1853 revitalized the camp and it soon became a town. Mining of the channels was lucrative enough for the town to completely rebuild after fires in 1858 and 1863. The gold discovered here contributed greatly to the success of the Union during the Civil War. In 1866, San Andreas became the seat of Calaveras County. It was said to be a rendezvous location for Joaquin Murietta. Notorious highwayman Black Bart was tried here and sent to prison.

The post office was established in 1854.[1]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.8 square miles (22.7 km²), of which, 8.7 square miles (22.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.23%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,615 people, 1,097 households, and 652 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 299.4 people per square mile (115.5/km²). There were 1,167 housing units at an average density of 133.6/sq mi (51.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.1% White, 0.1% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 2.0% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. 6.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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