San Gabriel, California

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San Gabriel is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is named after the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, founded by Junipero Serra. The city grew outward from the mission and in 1852 became the original township of Los Angeles County. San Gabriel was incorporated in 1913. The city's motto is "A city with a Mission" and it is often called the "Birthplace" of the Los Angeles metropolitan area.

Contents

History

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish to Alta California, the area that is now San Gabriel was inhabited by the Tongva Native Americans, that the Spanish renamed the Gabrieleno The Tongva name for the San Gabriel region was Shevaa.[5]

A center for culture and art, the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, founded by Father Junipero Serra, is the fourth of twenty-one California Missions, and is know as the "Pride of the California Missions"[6]

The Mission San Gabriel Arcángel served a pivotal role in the colonial Spanish society, with many of the area's first Mexican settlers being baptized at the mission, including Pio Pico, who was born in 1801 at the mission and was baptized there the same year. He was California's governor twice, once in 1832 and again in 1845. Also, later in life, he was a Los Angeles City councilman.[7] The city of Pico Rivera was named to honor him as the last governor of California that was born in Mexico.[8]

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