San Martin, California

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San Martin (pronounced San Mar-'teen) is a census-designated place (CDP) and an unincorporated town in Santa Clara County, California, United States. It takes its name from St. Martin of Tours, the patron saint of early pioneer Martin Murphy, who built the first Catholic church in the area. The community has been considering incorporating into either a city or town since 2004, but no official action had been taken by the end of 2009.

Like neighboring Morgan Hill and Gilroy, San Martin is a large producer of garlic and table mushrooms. It is also home to the volunteer-run Wings of History aviation museum, located next to South County Airport.

Contents

Geography

San Martin is located at 37°05′16″N 121°36′00″W / 37.08778°N 121.6°W / 37.08778; -121.6 (37.087746, -121.600020).[1] It is approximately 48 km (30 mi) south of San Jose, California, 11 km (7 mi) north of Gilroy, California, and 24 km (15 mi) inland from the Pacific Coast. Lying in a roughly 6 km-wide (4-mi-wide) southern extension of the Santa Clara Valley, it is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west and the Diablo Range to the east.

San Martin lies at an elevation of about 86 m (282 ft) above MSL

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km²), all of it land.

Climate

Due to the moderating influence of the Pacific Ocean, San Martin enjoys a warm, Mediterranean climate. Temperatures range from an average midsummer maximum of 90.2°F (32.3°C) to an average midwinter low of 33.6°F (0.9°C). Average annual rainfall is 480 mm (18.9 in), and the summer months are typically dry. Snowfall is rare, about once every 20 years, and is light and short-lived when it occurs. Summer months are characterized by coastal fog which arrives from the ocean around 10 p.m. and dissipates the next morning by 10 a.m. Winter months have many sunny and partly cloudy days, with frequent breaks between rainstorms. The local terrain is inconducive to tornadoes, severe windstorms and thunderstorms. The local climate supports chaparral and grassland biomes, with stands of live oak at higher elevations.

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