Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico

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Santa Clara Pueblo (Tewa: Kha'po) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 980 at the 2000 census. Santa Clara Pueblo was established about 1550.

The pueblo is a member of the Eight Northern Pueblos, and the people are from the Tewa ethnic group of Native Americans who speak the Tewa language. The pueblo is on the Rio Grande, between Ohkay Owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo) to the north and San Ildefonso Pueblo to the south. Santa Clara Pueblo is famous for producing hand-crafted pottery, specifically blackware and redware with deep engravings. The pueblo is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Contents

Geography

Santa Clara Pueblo is located at 35°58′16″N 106°5′21″W / 35.97111°N 106.08917°W / 35.97111; -106.08917 (35.971124, -106.089111)[2], about 1.5 miles south of Española on NM 30.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km²), all of it land.

History

Pueblo people lived in the area for centuries before contact with Europeans, and Ancient Pueblo Peoples may have lived in the general area as far back as 1200 BC. In 1541, part of the expeditionary force of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado visited the pueblo. In 1628 a mission was established there, and the current church was built about 1918. The pueblo fought in the 1680 Great Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish. Pueblo potters are known for their black polished and red polychrome pottery.[3][4]

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