Scandinavian Peninsula

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The Scandinavian Peninsula is a geographic region in northern Europe, consisting of Norway, Sweden and part of northern Finland. The name of the peninsula is derived from the term Scandinavia, the name of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which is in turn derived from Scania, a region at the southernmost extremity of the peninsula that was formerly part of Denmark (being the ancestral home of the Danes) and is now part of Sweden. The derived term (from Scandinavia) Scandinavian also refers to the North Germanic peoples speaking Scandinavian languages.[1][2][3][4] The Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest peninsula in Europe.

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Geography

The Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest peninsula in Europe. It is approximately 1,850 kilometers (1,150 miles) long with a width varying approximately 370–805 km (230-500 mi).

The Scandinavian mountain range generally defines the borders between Norway and Sweden. The peninsula is bordered by several bodies of water including:

Its highest elevation was Glittertinden in Norway at 2,470 m (8,104 ft) above sea level, but since the glacier at its summit partially melted[citation needed], the highest elevation is at 2,469 m (8,101 ft) at Galdhøpiggen, also in Norway. These mountains also house the largest glacier on mainland Europe, Jostedalsbreen. About one quarter of the peninsula lies north of the Arctic Circle, with the northernmost point at Cape Nordkyn. The climate across the peninsula varies from tundra (Köppen: ET) and subarctic (Dfc) in the north, with cool marine west coast climate (Cfc) in northwestern coastal areas reaching just north of Lofoten, to humid continental (Dfb) in the central portion, and to marine west coast (Cfb) in the south and southwest.[6] The region is rich in timber, iron and copper with the best farmland in southern Sweden. Large petroleum and natural-gas deposits have been found off Norway's coast in the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

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