Seneca, Oregon

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Seneca is a city in Grant County, Oregon, United States. The population was 223 at the 2000 census.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.[3]

Situated on the Silvies River, Seneca is in Bear Valley at the northern edge of the Great Basin. While early homesteaders moved into the valley in the late 1800s, Seneca began growing in the 1920s as a company town for the Edward Hines Lumber Company, when it had a sawmill and was the northern terminus of a (now-vacated) railroad track which extended south to Burns. Seneca experiences the coolest weather in Grant County and has the distinction of the coldest official temperature recorded in the Oregon: 54 degrees below zero.[4] The main industries in Seneca are ranching and timber production.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 223 people, 95 households, and 64 families residing in the city. The population density was 267.8 people per square mile (103.7/km2). There were 115 housing units at an average density of 138.1/sq mi (53.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.10% White, 0.45% Asian, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.

There were 95 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 31.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 110.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,333, and the median income for a family was $26,806. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,636. About 24.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.


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