Shaktoolik, Alaska

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Shaktoolik is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 230.

As of 2009, Koyukuk is one of a number of Alaskan communities threatened by erosion and related global warming effects.[2] The community has relocated twice before.

Contents

History

According to the Alaska Dept. of Community and Economic Development, Shaktoolik was the first and southernmost Malemiut settlement on Norton Sound, occupied as early as 1839. Twelve miles northeast, on Cape Denbigh, is "Iyatayet," a site that is 6,000 to 8,000 years old, and listed on the national register of historic places. Shaktoolik was first mapped in 1842-44 by Lt. Lavrenty Zagoskin, Imperial Russian Navy, who called it "Tshaktogmyut." "Shaktoolik" is derived from an Unaliq word, "suktuliq", meaning "scattered things".

Reindeer herds were managed in the Shaktoolik area around 1905. The village was originally located six miles up the Shaktoolik River, and moved to the mouth of the River in 1933. This site was prone to severe storms and winds, however, and the village relocated to its present, more sheltered location in 1967. There are presently only two occupied dwellings at the old townsite. The City was incorporated in 1969.

Geography

Shaktoolik is located at 64°21′20″N 161°11′29″W / 64.355612°N 161.191328°W / 64.355612; -161.191328.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.7 km²), all of it land.

According to the State of Alaska, Department of Community and Economic Development, Shaktoolik is located on the east shore of Norton Sound. It lies 125 miles east of Nome and 33 miles north of Unalakleet. It lies at approximately 64.333890° North Latitude and -161.153890° West Longitude. (Sec. 23, T013S, R013W, Kateel River Meridian.) Shaktoolik has a subarctic climate with maritime influences when Norton Sound is ice-free, usually from May to October. Summer temperatures average 47 to 62; winter temperatures average -4 to 11. Extremes from -50 to 87 have been recorded. Average annual precipitation is 14 inches, including 43 inches of snowfall.

Demographics

The current population of Shaktoolik is 214 (2006 DCCED Certified Population). As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 230 people, 60 households, and 48 families residing in the city. The population density was 216.7 people per square mile (83.8/km²). There were 66 housing units at an average density of 62.2/sq mi (24.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 5.22% White, 94.35% Native American, and 0.43% from two or more races.

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