Sheffield, Illinois

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Sheffield is a village in Bureau County, Illinois, United States. The population was 946 at the 2000 census. It is part of the OttawaStreator Micropolitan Statistical Area. Sheffield was founded by Joseph E. Sheffield and Henry Farnam in 1852. Sheffield and Farnam constructed the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, and the town site was intended as a coaling station for trains. According to Farnam, he and Sheffield flipped a coin to see for whom the town would be named.[1][2] A monument to Joseph E. Sheffield, and the Rock Island Railroad stands today in Sheffield's town square.



Sheffield is located at 41°21′21″N 89°44′12″W / 41.35583°N 89.73667°W / 41.35583; -89.73667 (41.355915, -89.736672)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.8 square miles (1.9 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 946 people, 385 households, and 269 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,263.5 people per square mile (487.0/km²). There were 418 housing units at an average density of 558.3/sq mi (215.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.31% White, 0.11% African American, 0.21% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 385 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

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