Sigmund Freud

related topics
{theory, work, human}
{disease, patient, cell}
{son, year, death}
{woman, child, man}
{work, book, publish}
{build, building, house}
{war, force, army}
{film, series, show}
{water, park, boat}
{group, member, jewish}
{god, call, give}

Sigmund Freud (German pronunciation: [ˈziːɡmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939), was an Austrian neurologist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychiatry. Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression, and for creating the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient, technically referred to as an "analysand", and a psychoanalyst. Freud redefined sexual desire as the primary motivational energy of human life, developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association, created the theory of transference in the therapeutic relationship, and interpreted dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires. He was an early neurological researcher into cerebral palsy, and a prolific essayist, drawing on psychoanalysis to contribute to the history, interpretation and critique of culture.

While many of Freud's ideas have fallen out of favor or been modified by other analysts, and modern advances in the field of psychology have shown flaws in some of his theories, his work remains influential in clinical approaches, and in the humanities and social sciences. He is considered one of the most prominent thinkers of the first half of the 20th century, in terms of originality and intellectual influence.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Post-structuralism
Dualism
Parapsychology
Reductionism
Homo economicus
Omnipotence paradox
George Lakoff
John Searle
Faith and rationality
Objectivity (philosophy)
Sociology of knowledge
Anthroposophy
Morality
Historicism
Michel Foucault
Problem of universals
Falun Gong
Monism
Stephen Jay Gould
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Søren Kierkegaard
Baruch Spinoza
Logical positivism
Social Darwinism
Al-Ghazali
Cosmological argument
Rudolf Steiner
Tragedy of the commons
Cultural studies
Turing test