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Sint-Oedenrode (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a city in the South of the Netherlands.


Population centers

History of the city of Sint-Oedenrode

First records of the settlement called Rhode date from the year 500. Sint-Oedenrode was a small settlement on an elevated place near the river Dommel. The settlements on both riverbanks (Rhode and Eerschot) merged into one larger settlement.

In the 11th century the Lords of Rhode build a castle on the elevated area (during excavations in 2005 remains of the castle were uncovered, proving the early records to be valid). The Eerschot part of the settlement constructed the first church (the church has been rebuild many times over the centuries, the early base can still be seen in the church which is nowadays named 'Knoptoren').

The settlement thrived and became an important place in the region. Sint-Oedenrode was granted city status in 1232 by the Duke of Brabant (at that time Hendrik I of Brabant). This promoted Sint-Oedenrode to the capital of the Peel (the name of the region in North Brabant).

In the 14th century a small castle was built named 'Strijpe', it was later expanded in the 19th century and renamed 'Henkeshage'.

During the Second World War Sint-Oedenrode suffered tremendously. In May 1940 the Germans invaded the Low Countries and France, and due to the retreat from the Peel-Raam Line by the Dutch Armed Forces skirmishes arouse in Sint-Oedenrode in an attempt to keep the enemy at bay. After the capitulation (15 May 1940, in Zeeland 2 days later) Sint-Oedenrode found itself under German occupation. There was a small Luftwaffe detachment providing a manned look-out (just like the Royal Observer Corps) for Allied planes which were undertaking operations against the Air Bases of Volkel and Eindhoven.

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