Solfège

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In music, solfège (French pronunciation: [sɔl.fɛʒ], also called solfeggio, sol-fa, solfa or tonic sol-fa) is a pedagogical solmization technique for the teaching of sight-singing in which each note of the score is sung to a special syllable, called a solfège syllable (or "sol-fa syllable"). The seven syllables commonly used for this practice in English-speaking countries are: do (or doh in tonic sol-fa),[1] re, mi, fa, sol (so in tonic sol-fa), la, and ti/si, which may be heard in "Do-Re-Mi" from Rodgers and Hammerstein's score for The Sound of Music, as well as the Robert Maxwell song, "Solfeggio". In other languages, si is used (see below) for the seventh scale tone, while its earlier use in English continues in many areas.[citation needed]

There are two methods of applying solfege, the fixed do (used in France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Romania, Russia, China, South America and parts of North America and Japan) and the movable do used in other parts of the United States, Britain and Germany. Fixed do always assigns 'do' to the note C where movable do, as the name suggests, is transposable to any scale or mode.[citation needed]

While various systems have been proposed to extend the traditional seven-syllable fixed do and moveable do systems to include syllables for accidentals, none has yet been accepted into mainstream music education. Only seven-syllable fixed do and moveable do systems can really be said to be in widespread use.[citation needed]

Traditionally, solfège is taught in a series of exercises of gradually increasing difficulty, each of which is also known as a "solfège". By extension, the word "solfège" may also be used for an instrumental étude (study).[citation needed]

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