Somaliland

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Somaliland (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, Arabic: أرض الصومالArḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl) is an unrecognized state located in the Horn of Africa. It is regarded internationally as an autonomous region of Somalia.[2][3] The government of Somaliland, however, regards itself as the successor state to British Somaliland, which was independent for a few days in 1960 as the State of Somaliland.[4][5]

In 1988, the Siad Barre regime committed massacres against the people of Somaliland, which led to the Somali Civil War. The war left the economic and military infrastructure severely damaged. After the collapse of the central government in 1991, the territory re-asserted its independence and withdrew from Somalia on May 18 of the same year.[6][7][8] Since then, it has been governed by an administration that seeks self-determination as the Republic of Somaliland.[1][9][10][11]

Currently, it remains unrecognized by any state or international organization.[7][12][13] However, many foreign governments maintain informal ties with the state and have established an increasing number of foreign delegations and embassies in the capital Hargeisa.[14][15]

Somaliland is bordered by Ethiopia in the south and west, Djibouti in the northwest, the Gulf of Aden in the north, and by Somalia in the east.[1]

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