Song Jiaoren

related topics
{government, party, election}
{country, population, people}
{son, year, death}
{album, band, music}
{war, force, army}
{black, white, people}
{theory, work, human}
{group, member, jewish}
{city, large, area}

Song Jiaoren (Chinese: 宋教仁; pinyin: Sòng Jiàorén; Wade–Giles: Sung Chiao-jen) (5 April 1882 – 22 March 1913) was a Chinese republican revolutionary, political leader and a founder of the Kuomintang (KMT).

Biography

An anti-Qing dynasty revolutionary and follower of Huang Xing, in 1904, Song fled China for Japan, where he studied western political thought and made contacts among the expatriate Chinese student population and Japanese Pan-Asianists. During this period, Song was a close friend of Japanese nationalist thinker Kita Ikki.

In 1905, together with Sun Yat-sen, Song helped found and was a leading activist in the Tongmenghui , which was an organization dedicated to the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the formation of a republic. Song returned to China in 1910 after the Xinhai Revolution, and after the declaration of the Republic of China, Song helped transform the Tongmenghui into the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party). Song spoke out against the increasing authoritarianism of Chinese president Yuan Shikai, and expressed concerns towards Yuan’s indications that he would like to restore a monarchial system to China with himself as emperor.

He led the KMT to victory in China's first nationwide election in 1912-13. The KMT garnered a majority in both houses of the National Assembly. Song was tipped to become the next prime minister but he caused controversy by saying his cabinet would be composed of Nationalists only. This angered President Yuan who felt such a cabinet would obstruct his policies and ambitions.

Song died of wounds two days after an assassination attempt on the night of 20 March 1913 at a Shanghai rail station's ticket booth when he was traveling to deliver speeches supporting a cabinet system. The assassins were caught with telegrams incriminating the interior minister and the prime minister, Zhao Bingjun. Song's death became one of the causes of the Second Revolution.

See also

Full article ▸

related documents
Office international des épizooties
Foreign relations of Andorra
Labour Party
Quadruple Alliance
List of Ministers-President of Flanders
Mario Berlinguer
Antipope Benedict X
Irene Adams, Baroness Adams of Craigielea
Satsuma Province
Gervasio Antonio de Posadas
Minister-President of the Brussels Capital-Region
United States Post Office Department
United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Aberavon (UK Parliament constituency)
Malaya
1st century BC
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Media in Poland
List of Seigneurs of Sark
Christian Pineau
Andrew Inglis Clark
H. H. Kung
List of Brazilian monarchs
Västernorrland County
Foreign relations of Guinea-Bissau
Survival International
Eusko Gudariak
Sulphur Emissions Reduction Protocol
Sipson
International Institute for Strategic Studies