Sour Lake, Texas

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Sour Lake is a city in Hardin County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,667 at the 2000 census. It was originally named Sour Lake Springs, after the mineral-laden spring water that flowed into the nearby lake. The city is part of the BeaumontPort Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Sam Houston visited the " Sour Lake" in his later years. The town is also home to one of the biggest sinkholes in Texas.

Sour Lake is the oldest surviving town in Hardin County, first settled around 1835, when Stephen Jackson received 4,428 acres (17.92 km2) at the site. It is called by some the "Gateway to the Big Thicket".

Sour Lake became a short-lived boomtown with the discovery of oil in 1901, shortly after oil was found at the nearby Spindletop salt dome. It is known as the birthplace of Texaco. Formed in 1903, the Texas Company (Texaco's corporate name) is one of the three major oil companies that can trace its origins to the oil fields around Southeast Texas. The Sour Lake oilfield produced about 90,000,000 barrels (14,000,000 m3) of oil up to 1948, when it was producing about 3,500 barrels (560 m3) daily and new drilling was still underway. Today the Sour Lake oilfield is the oldest continuously-producing oil field in the world.



Sour Lake is located at 30°8′13″N 94°24′27″W / 30.13694°N 94.4075°W / 30.13694; -94.4075 (30.136950, -94.407387)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²), of which, 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²) of it is land and 0.57% is water.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,667 people, 672 households, and 446 families residing in the city. The population density was 964.0 people per square mile (372.0/km²). There were 752 housing units at an average density of 434.9/sq mi (167.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.36% White, 3.18% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.42% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.00% of the population.

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