South Thomaston, Maine

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South Thomaston is a town in Knox County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,416 at the 2000 census. A fishing and resort area, the town includes the village of Spruce Head.

Contents

History

Abenaki Indians called it Wessaweskeag, meaning "tidal creek" or "salt creek," a reference to what is now known as the Weskeag River. Thomas Lefebvre from Quebec, Canada owned a huge tract of land at the Weskeag River, where his stay began in 1704. He built a large gristmill, with a house on the shoreline. Although he would eventually return to Quebec, the area retained his name — Thomas' Town. But the adjacent St. George River was the uneasy dividing line between land controlled by New England and New France. Permanent settlement would be delayed by the French and Indian Wars, which ended with the 1763 Treaty of Paris. [1]

In 1767, Wessaweskeag was settled by Elisha Snow, who built a sawmill operated by tide power. In 1773, Joseph Coombs arrived and built another sawmill nearby, and together they built a gristmill. The village of South Thomaston grew around the mills, which would include three granite polishing machines to process stone cut from the town's numerous quarries. On July 28, 1848, South Thomaston was set off from Thomaston and incorporated as a separate town. [2] Owl's Head would be set off from South Thomaston on July 9, 1921.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 17.5 square miles (45.3 km²), of which, 10.9 square miles (28.3 km²) of it is land and 6.6 square miles (17.0 km²) of it (37.45%) is water. South Thomaston is located on the Weskeag River inlet.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,416 people, 594 households, and 421 families residing in the town. The population density was 129.4 people per square mile (50.0/km²). There were 804 housing units at an average density of 73.5/sq mi (28.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.02% White, 0.35% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.35% Asian, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population. 26.7% were of English, 12.4% Irish, 11.6% American, 6.9% Finnish, 6.5% German and 5.2% Scottish ancestry according to Census 2000.

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