Southwark

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{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{area, part, region}
{law, state, case}
{land, century, early}
{son, year, death}
{line, north, south}
{school, student, university}
{county, mile, population}

Coordinates: 51°29′56″N 0°05′24″W / 51.4988°N 0.0901°W / 51.4988; -0.0901

Southwark (pronounced /ˈsʌðɚk/ SUDH-ərk) is a district of London, England, and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Southwark. Situated 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Charing Cross, it forms one of the oldest parts of central London and fronts the River Thames to the north. It historically formed an ancient borough in the county of Surrey, made up of a number of parishes, which increasingly came under the influence and jurisdiction of the City of London. As an inner district of London, Southwark experienced rapid depopulation during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is now at an advanced stage of regeneration and is the location of the City Hall offices of the Greater London Authority.

Contents

History

Toponymy

Southwark is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book as Sudweca. The name means 'southern defensive work'. It is formed from the Old English 'sūth' and 'weorc'. The southern location is in reference to the City of London to the north, Southwark being at the southern end of London Bridge. The name Suthriganaweorc is recorded for the area in the 10th century and means 'fort of the men of Surrey'.[1] The name has been used for various areas of civil administration, including the ancient Borough of Southwark, the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark and the current London Borough of Southwark. The ancient borough of Southwark was also known simply as The Borough and this name—or Borough—has persisted as an alternative name for the area. Southwark was simultaneously known as the Ward of Bridge Without from 1550 to 1978.[1]

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