Sports car

related topics
{car, race, vehicle}
{@card@, make, design}
{ship, engine, design}
{company, market, business}
{rate, high, increase}
{woman, child, man}
{government, party, election}

A sports car is a small, usually two seat automobile designed for high speed driving and maneuverability.[1]

Sports cars have been either spartan or luxurious, but good handling and high performance is requisite.[2]

.


Contents

Early history

The sports car traces its roots to early 20th century touring cars. These raced in early rallys, such as the Herkomer Cup, Prinz Heinrich Fahrt, and Monte Carlo.[3]

The first true sports cars (though the term would not be coined until after World War One) were the 3 litre made in 1910 Vauxhall 20 hp (15 kW) and 27/80PS Austro-Daimler (designed by Ferdinand Porsche).[3]

These would shortly be joined by the French DFP (which became sporters after tuning by H.M. and W. O. Bentley) and the Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost. In the U.S. (where the type was variously called roadster, speedster, runabout, or raceabout, there was Apperson, Kissel, Marion, Midland, National, Overland, Stoddard-Dayton, and Thomas among small models (which today would be called sports cars), while Chadwick, Mercer, Stutz, and Simplex were among large ones (which might today be called sports sedans or grand tourers).[3]

In 1921, Ballot premiered its 2LS, with a remarkable 75 hp (56 kW) DOHC two liter, designed by Ernest Henry (formerly of Peugeot's Grand Prix program), capable of 150 km/h (90 mph); at most, one hundred were built in four years. This was followed by the SOHC 2LT and 2LTS. The same year, Benz built a supercharged 28/95PS four for the Coppa Florio; Max Sailer won.[3]

Full article ▸

related documents
Road train
Ford GT40
Van
Porsche 924
Touring car racing
Porsche 914
Track and field athletics
American Quarter Horse
Lotus Seven
Oldsmobile
Roller coaster
Tilting train
Unimog
Sport utility vehicle
Dakar Rally
Equestrianism
Track cycling
Shinkansen
Marathon
Minivan
Speed skating
Vespa
AvtoVAZ
DKW
Cadillac
Show jumping
Buick
Mazda MX-5
Ford Mustang
Road transport