Spring Lake, New Jersey

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Spring Lake is a Borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 3,567.

Contents

History

Spring Lake was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 14, 1892, from portions of Wall Township), based on the results of a referendum held on March 8, 1892. On February 24, 1903, the borough of North Spring Lake was annexed.[7]

During the so called "Gilded Age" of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Spring Lake developed into a coastal resort for high society members of New York City and Philadelphia in a similar fashion to the settlements of Newport, RI and Bar Harbor, ME. [8] A surviving example of architecture constructed during this era is the Martin Maloney Cottage on Morris Avenue next to the tycoon's former and no longer existent Ballingarry Estate.[9] Another fine example is the Audenried Cottage on Tuttle Avenue.

The second of the five victims of the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, Charles Bruder, 27, a Swiss bellhop for the Essex and Sussex Hotel was killed on July 6, 1916, while swimming approximately 130 yards (120 m) from shore in Spring Lake.[10] The wave of attacks took place between July 1 and July 12, 1916, along 80 miles (130 km) of Atlantic Ocean coastline. These events inspired the novel "Jaws" by Peter Benchley and corresponding film by Steven Spielberg.

The borough and its environs are known as the "Irish Riviera" because of the large "Irish-American" population in the area, with Spring Lake having the highest percentage of any municipality in the United States.[11][12]

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