St. Albans, West Virginia

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St. Albans is a city in Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States, at the confluence of the Kanawha and Coal Rivers. The population was 11,567 at the 2000 census; according to Census Bureau estimates, it had fallen to 11,028 by 2006.[3]

St. Albans was laid out in 1816. Originally, it was known as Philippi, after Philip Thompson, an early settler, the name afterwards being changed to Coalsmouth due to its location at the mouth of the Coal River. The city was then incorporated as Kanawha City in 1868. The town was renamed 1872 by H.C. Parsons of the C & O Railroad in honor of his birthplace in St. Albans, Vermont.[4] St. Alban is believed to have been the first British Christian martyr.

It is the former location of the headquarters of the 111th Engineer Brigade.



St. Albans is located at 38°22′49″N 81°49′11″W / 38.38028°N 81.81972°W / 38.38028; -81.81972 (38.380365, -81.819712)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km²), of which, 3.6 square miles (9.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (2.16%) is water.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 11,567 people, 5,185 households, and 3,390 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,196.0 people per square mile (1,233.7/km²). There were 5,467 housing units at an average density of 1,510.5/sq mi (583.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.37% White, 2.84% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

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