St. Hedwig's Cathedral

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{black, white, people}
{day, year, event}
{group, member, jewish}

St. Hedwig's Cathedral (German: Sankt-Hedwigs-Kathedrale) is a Roman Catholic cathedral on the Bebelplatz in Berlin, Germany. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Berlin, Cardinal Georg Sterzinsky.

It was built in the 18th century as the first Catholic church in Prussia after the Protestant Reformation by permission of King Frederick II. The intention of Frederick was to offer the numerous Catholic immigrants that had arrived in Berlin, especially those from Upper Silesia, a place of worship. The church was therefore dedicated to the patron of Silesia and Brandenburg, Saint Hedwig of Andechs. The building was designed by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff modeled after the Pantheon in Rome and construction started in 1747, interrupted and delayed several times due to economy measures. It was not until November 1, 1773 when the king's friend, Ignacy Krasicki, then Bishop of Warmia (later Archbishop of Gniezno), officiated at the cathedral's opening in 1773.

After the Kristallnacht pogroms that took place over the night of 9 November - 10 November 1938, Bernhard Lichtenberg, a canon of the cathedral chapter of St Hedwig since 1931, prayed publicly for Jews in the evening prayer following. Lichtenberg was later jailed by the Nazis and died on the way to the concentration camp at Dachau. In 1965 Lichtenberg's remains were transferred to the crypt at St. Hedwig's.

The cathedral burned out completely in 1943 during air raids on Berlin and was reconstructed from 1952 up to 1963.

Burials

External links

Coordinates: 52°30′57″N 13°23′41″E / 52.51583°N 13.39472°E / 52.51583; 13.39472

Full article ▸

related documents
Pope Alexander I
Urgell
Mission San Fernando Rey de España
Hadleigh
Mausolus
Gavoi
Pope Alexander IV
Widukind
Ossip Zadkine
Tindari
Pope Benedict I
A.U.M.P. Church
Raphael of Brooklyn
Hendrick Avercamp
Duomo
Sudbury Hall
Pershore Abbey
Ringkøbing
Francesco Zuccarelli
Procopius of Gaza
Aeclanum
Pope Pelagius II
Pietro Martire Vermigli
Pope Innocent I
Fonni
Mellitus
Besalú
William Butterfield
Pope Sergius I
Emperor Nintoku