Stanley Baldwin

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Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, KG, PC (3 August 1867 – 14 December 1947) was a British Conservative politician and statesman. He served three times as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; first from 1923–24 then 1924–29 and again from 1935–37 and was Leader of the Conservative Party from 1923–1937.

Baldwin first entered the House of Commons in 1908 as the Member of Parliament for Bewdley. In 1922, Baldwin was appointed as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Bonar Law's Conservative ministry and upon Bonar Law's resignation in May 1923, Baldwin became Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party. He was made Leader of the Opposition for most of 1924 and from 1929–31 due to the formation of minority Labour governments. In 1931, Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government and even though Labour was given 52 seats to the Conservative's 473 at the 1931 General Election, MacDonald remained Prime Minister until 1935. During this time, Stanley Baldwin took over most of the Prime Minister's duties due to MacDonald's failing health.

In 1935, the Conservatives returned to power with Baldwin as Prime Minister. During this time, he oversaw the re-armament process of the British military as well as the abdication of King Edward VIII. He resigned from his position in 1937 and was succeeded by Neville Chamberlain. Baldwin was the first commanding Prime Minister in an age of full democracy and this has led to his generally receiving a positive press from recent historians.

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