Stephen Jay Gould

related topics
{theory, work, human}
{specie, animal, plant}
{work, book, publish}
{son, year, death}
{film, series, show}
{disease, patient, cell}
{church, century, christian}
{game, team, player}
{area, community, home}
{household, population, female}
{school, student, university}
{borough, population, unit_pref}

Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science. He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his generation.[1] Gould spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. In the latter years of his life, Gould also taught biology and evolution at New York University near his home in SoHo.

Gould's greatest contribution to science was the theory of punctuated equilibrium which he developed with Niles Eldredge in 1972.[2] The theory proposes that most evolution is marked by long periods of evolutionary stability, which is punctuated by rare instances of branching evolution. The theory was contrasted against phyletic gradualism, the popular idea that evolutionary change is marked by a pattern of smooth and continuous change in the fossil record.

Most of Gould's empirical research was based on the land snail genera Poecilozonites and Cerion. He also contributed to evolutionary developmental biology, and has received wide praise for his book Ontogeny and Phylogeny. In evolutionary theory he opposed strict selectionism, sociobiology as applied to humans, and evolutionary psychology. He campaigned against creationism and proposed that science and religion should be considered two distinct fields, or "magisteria", whose authorities do not overlap.[3]

Many of Gould's Natural History essays were reprinted in collected volumes, such as Ever Since Darwin and The Panda's Thumb, while his popular treatises included books such as The Mismeasure of Man, Wonderful Life and Full House.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Parapsychology
Michel Foucault
Post-structuralism
Reductionism
Homo economicus
Dualism
George Lakoff
Omnipotence paradox
Faith and rationality
Objectivity (philosophy)
John Searle
Morality
Falun Gong
Sociology of knowledge
Monism
Anthroposophy
Historicism
Problem of universals
Social Darwinism
Logical positivism
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Al-Ghazali
Rudolf Steiner
Tragedy of the commons
Baruch Spinoza
Cultural studies
Turing test
Cosmological argument
Memetics
Friedrich Hayek