Stillman Valley, Illinois

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Stillman Valley is a village in Marion Township, Ogle County, Illinois, United States. It lies east of Byron, south of Rockford, and west of Davis Junction. The population was 1,048 at the 2000 census. As of the 2005 estimate, Stillman Valley's population had risen to 1,097. The village is located on the Iowa, Chicago and Eastern Railroad, on the old Chicago Great Western Railway before it merged and was pulled up. Also, Illinois Route 72 runs through the village, and is near the location for the beginning of the Black Hawk War. The war memorial for the Battle of Stillman's Run is located in this village.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.4 km²), all of it land.

History

Stillman Valley was founded in north central Illinois in 1876. A creek running through the community was named after Major Stillman of the Illinois Militia who led troops in the first named battle of the Black Hawk War on May 14, 1832. The battle and the creek became humorously known as "Stillman's Run" after Stillman and his men fled the battlefield believing they were being chased by thousands of Chief Black Hawk's warriors.[1] The day after the battle, Abraham Lincoln helped burying the dead soldiers from the battle.[2] The village was named after Stillman Creek; the valley serves as the watershed for the creek, hence the name Stillman Valley.[citation needed]

The battlefield and the site where the soldiers from the Black Hawk War are buried is in present-day Stillman Valley at the Stillman's Run Battle Site. A large memorial to this battle is located in there. It reads, in part: "Here, on May 14, 1832, the first engagement of the Black Hawk War took place. When 275 Illinois militiamen under Maj. Isaiah Stillman were put to flight by Black Hawk and his warriors."

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