Stillwater, Minnesota

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Stillwater is a city in Washington County, Minnesota, directly across the St. Croix River from the state of Wisconsin. The population was 15,143 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Washington County[3]. Stillwater is part of the Twin Cities Metro Area.

Stillwater is notable for its antiquarian bookstores, being a book town. [1][2]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km²), of which, 6.5 square miles (16.8 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²) of it (11.37%) is water. State Highways 36, 95, and 96 are three of the main routes in the community.

Stillwater receives an average snowfall of 42". Average rainfall is 24". Each year has an average of 14 days above 90 degrees Fahrenheit.


On July 29 and September 29, 1837, treaties were signed between the US government and the local Ojibwa and Dakota nations that allowed settlement in the St. Croix Valley. The town was founded by settlers drawn by the area's then-abundant lumber and river traffic, making it one of Minnesota's oldest towns, predating Minneapolis by several years. Stillwater was officially incorporated as a city March 4, 1854 (the same day as St. Paul).

Stillwater is often referred to as the birthplace of Minnesota.[4] In 1848, a territorial convention that began the process of establishing Minnesota as a state was held in Stillwater at the corner of Myrtle and Main Streets. Minnesota officially became a territory in 1849 and became a state in 1858.

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