Stoddard, New Hampshire

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Stoddard is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 928 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,045.[1]

Between 1842 and 1873, the town was home to four glass manufacturers. The glass produced by these works, now known as Stoddard glass, is noted for its deep amber colors and design. Stoddard glass products are highly prized by collectors.[2]

Contents

History

This territory was first granted in 1752 to Colonel Sampson Stoddard of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, and others as Monadnock Number 7. It was known locally as Limerick before being incorporated as Stoddard in 1774, in honor of Colonel Stoddard.[3]

Colonel Stoddard was appointed to survey southwestern New Hampshire by the colonial government, receiving several land grants for the service. One of his surveying assistants was Benjamin Pierce, father of U.S. President Franklin Pierce. Colonel Stoddard never lived in the town of Stoddard.[4]

The town was first settled in 1768 by John and Martha Taggart, immigrants from Derry, Ireland. Three years later, the Richardson family joined the Taggarts in Stoddard. By 1774, the town had 24 residents.[5]

The first census taken in Stoddard, in 1790, reported 701 residents.[citation needed] The town's first schoolhouses were built in 1792.[6] The first post office was established in 1822; Isaac Duncan was the first Postmaster.[6]

The town's resident population peaked in 1800, when Stoddard's 1,148 residents outnumbered those of the nearby county seat of Keene. Since then, the population has declined; the 1970 census recorded 233 residents,[6] and the 2000 census listed 928 residents.[7] During Stoddard's glass-manufacturing years, 800 people were employed by the industry.[8]

Stoddard glass

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