Stralsund

related topics
{city, large, area}
{war, force, army}
{land, century, early}
{area, part, region}
{church, century, christian}
{island, water, area}
{town, population, incorporate}
{line, north, south}
{service, military, aircraft}
{water, park, boat}
{law, state, case}
{language, word, form}
{village, small, smallsup}

Stralsund (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʁaːlzʊnt]) is a city in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, situated at the southern coast of the Strelasund (a sound of the Baltic Sea separating the island of Rügen from the mainland).[2] Two bridges (the Rügendamm and since October 2007 the new Rügen bridge) and several ferry services connect Stralsund with the ports of Rügen.[2]

The main industries of Stralsund are shipyards, fishing, and, to an increasing degree, tourism.

Contents

History

In medieval ages, the Stralsund area was part of the West Slavic Principality of Rügen, which was part of the Kingdom of Denmark since 1168. At that time, the Dänholm isle and a small fishing village, both at the site of the latter city, were named Strale / Stralow, meaning "arrow" (this meaning is still preserved in the town's coat of arms, showing an arrow).

In the course of German Ostsiedlung, many German settlers, gentry and merchants were called into the principality, and eventually populated the Strale site. Merchants from other countries as well as locals were attracted to the settlement and made up for one third of the city's population. The Danish navy was using the isle as well. When the settlement had grown to town size, prince Wizlaw I of Rügen granted Lübeck law to "our town Stralow" in 1234. In 1240, when the prince gave additional land to the city, he called it Stralesund.

The success of the settlement challenged the powerful Free City of Lübeck, which burnt Stralsund down in 1249. Afterwards the town was rebuilt with a massive city wall having 11 town gates and 30 watchtowers. The Neustadt, a town-like suburb, was merged to Stralsund by 1361. Schadegard, a twin town to Stralsund also founded by Wizlaw I nearby, but was not granted German law, served as the principal stronghold and enclosed a fort. It was given up and torn down by 1269 under the pressure of the Stralsund Bürger.

Full article ▸

related documents
Den Helder
Slatina, Croatia
Newington, London
Schoonhoven
Hof van Twente
North Walsham
Novosibirsk
Kuwait City
Weesp
Hengelo
Whitehall
Uitgeest
Tiel
Zagazig
Moniaive
Palamós
Angers
Paddington
Turnpike Lane
Dos Hermanas
Rochefort, Charente-Maritime
Zwolle
London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Swaffham
Venlo
Oval tube station
Osterley
Castellón de la Plana
Dortmund
Almelo