Sudetes

related topics
{area, part, region}
{language, word, form}
{war, force, army}
{island, water, area}
{country, population, people}
{water, park, boat}
{theory, work, human}
{land, century, early}
{town, population, incorporate}

The Sudetes (pronounced /suːˈdiːtiːz/) is a mountain range in Central Europe. It is also known as the Sudeten (German [zuˈdeːtən]) or Sudety (Czech [ˈsudetɪ], Polish [suˈdɛtɨ]) Mountains.

The Sudetes stretch from eastern Germany to Poland and the Czech Republic. The highest peak is Mt. Sněžka (Czech), (Polish: Śnieżka, German: Schneekoppe) in the Krkonoše (Karkonosze) Mountains on the Czech-Polish border, which is 1,602 metres (5,256 ft) in altitude. The current geomorphological unit in the Czech part of the mountain range is Krkonošsko-jesenická subprovincie ("Krkonoše-Jeseníky").

The Krkonoše Mountains have experienced growing tourism for winter sports during the past ten years. Their skiing resorts are becoming a budget alternative to the Alps.

Contents

Etymology

The name Sudetes has been derived from Sudeti montes, a Latinization of the name Soudeta ore used in the Geographia by Ptolemy (Book 2, Chapter 10) ca. 150 for the present-day northern Czech mountains. Ptolemy said that they were above the Gabreta Forest, which places them in the Sudetenland. Ptolemy wrote in Greek, in which the name is a neuter plural. Latin mons, however, is a masculine, hence Sudeti. The Latin version is likely to be a scholastic innovation, as it is not attested in classical Latin literature.

The meaning of the name is not known. In one hypothetical derivation, it means Mountains of Wild Boars, relying on Indo-European *su-, "pig". A better etymology perhaps is from Latin sudis, plural sudes, "spines", which can be used of spiny fish or spiny terrain.

Subdivisions

The Sudetes are usually divided into:

Full article ▸

related documents
Picardy
Huesca (province)
Provinces of Ireland
Wolin
Continental United States
Gododdin
Peninsular Malaysia
Comarques of Catalonia
Norrbotten County
Franche-Comté
Bernicia
Powys
Marylebone
Dacians
Pyrénées-Orientales
Noricum
Moin
Township
Isère
Sudovian language
Gallia Lugdunensis
Friesland
Tønder
Salzburg (state)
Rehe
Öckerö Municipality
Sambia
Ljungby Municipality
History of Styria
Badenoch