TGV

related topics
{car, race, vehicle}
{ship, engine, design}
{city, large, area}
{system, computer, user}
{line, north, south}
{company, market, business}
{rate, high, increase}
{service, military, aircraft}
{math, energy, light}
{@card@, make, design}
{acid, form, water}
{town, population, incorporate}
{build, building, house}
{village, small, smallsup}

The TGV (French: Train à Grande Vitesse, meaning high-speed train) is France's high-speed rail service, currently operated by SNCF Voyages, the long-distance rail branch of SNCF, the French national rail operator. It was developed during the 1970s by GEC-Alsthom (now Alstom) and SNCF. Although originally designed to be powered by gas turbines, the TGV prototypes evolved into electric trains. Following the inaugural TGV service between Paris and Lyon in 1981, the TGV network, centered on Paris, has expanded to connect cities across France and in adjacent countries. A TGV test train driven by Eric Pieczak set the record for the fastest wheeled train, reaching 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) on 3 April 2007.[1] A TGV service previously held the record for the fastest scheduled rail journey with a start to stop average speed of 279.4 km/h (173.6 mph),[2][3] which was surpassed by the Chinese CRH service Harmony express on the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway in 2009.

The success of the first line led to an expansion of the network, with new lines built in the south, west, north and east of the country. Eager to emulate the success of the French network, neighbouring countries such as Belgium, Italy, Spain and Germany built their own high-speed lines. TGVs link with Switzerland through the French network, with Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands through the Thalys network, and the Eurostar network links France and Belgium with the United Kingdom. Several lines are planned, including extensions within France and to surrounding countries. Cities such as Tours have become a part of a "TGV commuter belt".

In 2007, SNCF generated profits of €1.1 billion (approximately US$1.75 billion or £875 million) driven largely by higher margins on the TGV network.[4][5]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Moped
Stock car racing
Audi
Subaru Impreza WRX
Mini
Volkswagen Beetle
Pickup truck
Pontiac
Horse racing
Scooter (motorcycle)
Rallying
Speed limit
Rowing (sport)
Motorcycle
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Triathlon
Drag racing
Harley-Davidson
Eventing
Citroën 2CV
Tractor
Sports car racing
Daytona 500
Porsche 928
Nürburgring
Brabham
Semi-trailer truck
V8 Supercars
Land Rover
Nissan Z-car