Tadeusz Kościuszko

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Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko ([taˈdɛuʂ kɔɕˈt​͡ɕuʂkɔ] ( listen); February 4, 1746 – October 15, 1817) was a PolishLithuanian[2] [3][4][5][6] general and military leader during the Kościuszko Uprising. He is a national hero in Poland, Lithuania,[7] the United States and Belarus.[8][9][10] He led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising against Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Prussia as Supreme Commander of the National Armed Force (Najwyższy Naczelnik Siły Zbrojnej Narodowej).[11]

Before commanding the 1794 Uprising, he had fought in the American Revolutionary War as a colonel in the Continental Army. In 1783, in recognition of his dedicated service, he had been brevetted by the Continental Congress to the rank of brigadier general and had become a naturalized citizen of the United States.

There are several Anglicized spellings of Kościuszko's name. Perhaps the most frequently-occurring is Thaddeus Kosciusko, though the full "Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciusko" is also seen. In Lithuanian, Kościuszko's name is rendered as Tadas Kosciuška[12] or Tadeušas Kosciuška. In Belarusian it is Tadevush Kastsyushka or Tadevuš Kaściuška.


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