Tajiks

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1st row: Ismail SamaniRudakiAbu Rayhan BiruniAvicenna
2nd row: Al-KhwārizmīRumiEmomalii RahmonHammasa Kohistani

Persian
varieties of Dari and Tajiki and Pamiri languages

Islam (predominantly Sunni (Hanafi), with Shi'a (Twelver and Ismaili) minorities)

Tajik (Persian: تاجيک Tājīk; Tajik: Тоҷик) is a general designation for a wide range of Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin,[14] with traditional homelands in present-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and southern Uzbekistan. Smaller community also live in Iran and Pakistan; they are mostly refugees from Afghanistan.[15]

The Tajiks are in terms of language, culture, and history closely related to the Persian-speakers of Iran.

As a self-designation, the term Tajik, which earlier on had been more or less pejorative, has become acceptable only during the last decades, particularly as a result of Soviet administration in Central Asia.[14] Alternative names for the Tajiks are Fārsī (Persian), Fārsīwān (Persian-speaker), and Dīhgān (cf. Tajik: Деҳқон, Dehqon, literally "farmer or settled villager", in a wider sense "settled" in contrast to "nomadic").[16]

The Tajiks of China, although known by the name Tajik, speak Eastern Iranian languages and are distinct from Persian Tajiks.[17][18]

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