Taxicab

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A taxicab, also taxi or cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride. A taxicab conveys passengers between locations of their choice. In modes of public transport, the pick-up and drop-off locations are determined by the service provider, not by the passenger, although demand responsive transport and share taxis provide a hybrid bus/taxi mode.

There are four distinct forms of taxicab, which can be identified by slightly differing terms in different countries: hackney carriage, also known as public hire, hailed or street taxis, available for hire and reward and for hailing on street; private hire vehicles (PHVs), also known as minicabs (private hire vehicles in London are only available by pre-booking, not (legally) available for hailing on street; it is also illegal to pass off a private hire vehicle or minicab by calling it a taxi); taxibuses, also known as jitneys, operating on pre-set routes for hire and reward, typified by multiple stops and multiple independent passengers; and limousines, specialized vehicle licensed for operation by pre-booking.

Although types of vehicles and methods of regulation, hiring, dispatching, and negotiating payment differ significantly from country to country, many common characteristics exist.

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