Theodelinda

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{son, year, death}
{group, member, jewish}

Theodelinda, queen of the Lombards, (c. 570-628) was the daughter of duke Garibald I of Bavaria.

She was married first in 588 to Authari, king of the Lombards, son of king Cleph. Authari died in 590. Theodelinda was allowed to pick Agilulf as her next husband and Authari's successor in 591. She thereafter exerted much influence in restoring Nicene Christianity (the mainstream, in 1054 split by the East-West Schism in Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy) to a position of primacy in Italy against its rival, Arian Christianity.

After the conversion of Agilulf to the Catholic faith, she started building churches in Lombardy and Tuscany, among them the cathedral of Monza and the first Baptistery of Florence. They were all dedicated to Saint John the Baptist.

The famous treasure of Monza contains the Iron Crown of Lombardy and the theca persica, enclosing a text from the Gospel of John, sent by Pope Gregory I (590-604) to her for her son Adaloald. Another of the gifts of this pope to the Lombard queen was a cruciform encolpion (reliquary) containing a portion of the True Cross.

Arts

The history of the queen and her connection with the famous Iron Crown of Lombardy are narrated in the frescoes painted in the Theodelinda Chapel in the Cathedral of Monza, work by Ambrogio and Gregorio Zavattari (1444).

References

Full article ▸

related documents
Pope Hormisdas
Teilo
Pierre Allix
Pope Sabinian
Pope Eutychian
Pope Innocent V
Pope Innocent I
Pope Mark
Galeazzo Alessi
Ramsey Abbey
Louis-Pierre Baltard
Alesso Baldovinetti
Pope Anacletus
John Crome
Hans von Kulmbach
Raphael of Brooklyn
Adalbert (Archbishop of Magdeburg)
Kilpeck
Pietro Martire Vermigli
Aimoin
A.U.M.P. Church
Sisto Badalocchio
Lamorna Birch
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence
Alphege
Antonio Agliardi
Knidos
Glasnevin Cemetery
Balthasar Behem Codex
Pope Benedict VIII