Theogony

related topics
{god, call, give}
{son, year, death}
{woman, child, man}
{@card@, make, design}
{war, force, army}
{food, make, wine}
{acid, form, water}

The Theogony (Greek: Θεογονία, Theogonía, the birth of the gods) is a poem by Hesiod (8th-7th century BC) describing the origins and genealogies of the gods of the ancient Greeks, composed circa 700 BC. It is written in the Epic dialect of Ancient Greek used by Homer.

Contents

Descriptions

Hesiod's Theogony is a large-scale synthesis of a vast variety of local Greek traditions concerning the gods, organized as a narrative that tells how they came to be and how they established permanent control over the cosmos. It is the first Greek mythical cosmogony. The initial state of the universe is chaos, a dark indefinite void considered as a divine primordial condition from which everything else appeared. Theogony is a part of Greek mythology which embodies the desire to articulate reality as a whole; this universalizing impulse was fundamental for the first later projects of speculative theorizing.[1] In many cultures, narratives about the origin of the cosmos and about the gods that shaped it are a way for society to reaffirm its native cultural traditions. Specifically, theogonies tend to affirm kingship as the natural embodiment of society. What makes the Theogony of Hesiod unique is that it affirms no historical royal line. Such a gesture would have sited the Theogony in one time and one place. Rather, the Theogony affirms the kingship of the god Zeus himself over all the other gods and over the whole cosmos.

Further, in the "Kings and Singers" passage (80-103)[2] Hesiod appropriates to himself the authority usually reserved to sacred kingship. The poet declares that it is he, where we might have expected some king instead, upon whom the Muses have bestowed the two gifts of a scepter and an authoritative voice (Hesiod, Theogony 30-3), which are the visible signs of kingship. It is not that this gesture is meant to make Hesiod a king. Rather, the point is that the authority of kingship now belongs to the poetic voice, the voice that is declaiming the Theogony.

Full article ▸

related documents
Sargon of Akkad
Die Walküre
Conn of the Hundred Battles
Medea
Götterdämmerung
Book of Ruth
Statius
Jeremiah
Conall Cernach
Calydonian Boar
Bellerophon
Hezekiah
Book of Ezekiel
Ambrosius Aurelianus
The Empress (Tarot card)
Brynhildr
Hippolyta
Tiresias
Pindar
Valaquenta
Sisyphus
Danaus
Telephus
Prester John
Apollonius of Tyana
Agastya
Lonely Mountain
Balarama
Glorfindel
Manannán mac Lir