Tillamook, Oregon

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The city of Tillamook (pronounced /ˈtɪləmʊk/) is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. The city is located on the southeast end of Tillamook Bay on the Pacific Ocean. It is named for the Native American Tillamook people, a tribe speaking a Salishan language who lived in this area until the early nineteenth century. The population was 4,352 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 4,675 residents.[3]

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Economy

Historically, the Tillamook economy has been based primarily on dairy farms. The farmland surrounding the city is used for grazing the milk cattle that supply the Tillamook County Creamery Association's production of cheese, particularly cheddar, gourmet ice cream and yogurt, and other dairy products. Approximately one million people visit the cheese factory (located north of Tillamook on Highway 101) each year.[4]

There is also a large lumber industry that is experiencing a comeback from the replanting that followed the famous Tillamook Burn forest fires of the mid-20th century. Burned remains of some of the trees can still be found in the forests surrounding Tillamook.

Tillamook also serves tourists on their way to the ocean beaches and as a location for second homes.

The Tillamook Air Museum, featuring over 30 combat aircraft, lies just south of the city. Its building—a notable landmark visible from Highway 101—was a hangar built for blimps during World War II, as part of the Naval Air Station Tillamook. The hangar is now leased by the American Blimp Corporation.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), all of it land.

Tillamook has a typical Northwest climate, receiving rainy winters and warm summers, with temperatures sometimes reaching past 100 degrees. Every winter residents prepare for the rain and storms, which almost every year flood the dairy fields and downtown. Tillamook is also home to 5 rivers, the Tillamook, Trask, Wilson, Kilchis, and the Miami just north of the town.

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