Toxoplasmosis

related topics
{disease, patient, cell}
{specie, animal, plant}
{woman, child, man}
{rate, high, increase}
{food, make, wine}
{work, book, publish}
{country, population, people}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{car, race, vehicle}

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii.[1] The parasite infects most genera of warm-blooded animals, including humans, but the primary host is the felid (cat) family. Animals are infected by eating infected meat, by ingestion of feces of a cat that has itself recently been infected, or by transmission from mother to fetus. Although cats are often blamed for spreading toxoplasmosis, contact with raw meat is a more significant source of human infections in many countries, and fecal contamination of hands is a greater risk factor.[2]

Up to one third of the world's human population is estimated to carry a Toxoplasma infection.[3] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that overall seroprevalence in the United States as determined with specimens collected by the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and 2004 was found to be 10.8%, with seroprevalence among women of childbearing age (15 to 44 years) 11%.[4]

During the first few weeks post-exposure, the infection typically causes a mild flu-like illness or no illness. Thereafter, the parasite rarely causes any symptoms in otherwise healthy adults. However, those with a weakened immune system, such as AIDS patients or pregnant women, may become seriously ill, and it can occasionally be fatal. The parasite can cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and neurologic diseases, and can affect the heart, liver, inner ears, and eyes (chorioretinitis).

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Tay-Sachs disease
Bleeding
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Conjunctivitis
Anemia
Thalidomide
Narcotic
Anaphylaxis
Sinusitis
Staphylococcus aureus
Endocrinology
Leukemia
Morvan's syndrome
Vitamin A
Muscular dystrophy
Bodybuilding
Gulf War syndrome
Stem cell
Gout
Cerebral palsy
Psychoactive drug
ACE inhibitor
Tourette syndrome
Wilderness first aid
Hippocampus
Cholera
Interstitial cystitis
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Huntington's disease
Electroencephalography