Transport in Finland

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The transport system of Finland is well-developed.

The extensive road system is utilized by most internal cargo and passenger traffic. As of 2010, the country's network of main roads has a total length of around 1,300,000 kilometres (810,000 mi) and all public roads 780,000 kilometres (480,000 mi). The motorway network totals 765 kilometres (475 mi).[1] Road network expenditure of around 1 billion euro is paid with vehicle and fuel taxes that amount to around 1.5 billion euro and 1 billion euro.

The main international passenger gateway is Helsinki-Vantaa Airport with over 13 million passengers in 2007. About 25 airports have scheduled passenger services. They are financed by competitive fees and rural airport may be subsidized. The Helsinki-Vantaa based Finnair (known for an Asia-focused strategy), Blue1 and Finncomm Airlines provide air services both domestically and internationally. Helsinki has an optimal location for great circle routes between Western Europe and the Far East. Hence, many international travelers visit Helsinki on a stop-over between Asia and Europe.

Despite low population density, taxpayers spend annually around 350 million euro in maintaining 5,865 kilometres (3,644 mi) railway tracks even to many rural towns. Operations are privatized and currently the only operator is the state-owned VR. It has 5 percent passenger market share (out of which 80 percent are urban trips in Greater Helsinki) and 25 percent cargo market share.[2] Helsinki has an urban rail network.

Port logistics prices were among the lowest in OECD. Vuosaari harbour is the largest container port after completed in 2008. There is passenger traffic from Helsinki and Turku, which have ferry connections to Tallinn, Mariehamn, Sweden and several other destinations.

Contents

Roads

Road transport in Finland is the most popular method of transportation, particularly in rural areas where the railway network does not extend to. As of 2010 there are 78,161 kilometres (48,567 mi) of public roads, of which 50,985 kilometres (31,681 mi) are paved. The main road network comprises over 13,328 kilometres (8,282 mi) of road.[1] 63% of all traffic on public roads takes place on main roads, which are divided into class I (valtatie/riksväg) and class II (kantatie/stamväg) main roads. Motorways have been constructed in the country since the 1960s, but they are still reasonably rare because traffic volumes are not large enough to motivate their construction. There are 765 kilometres (475 mi) of motorways.[1] Longest stretches are HelsinkiTurku (Main road 1/E18), HelsinkiTampere (Main road 3/E12), HelsinkiHeinola (Main road 4/E75), and HelsinkiPorvoo (Main road 7/E18). The world's northernmost motorway is also located in Finland between Keminmaa and Tornio (Main road 29/E8).

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