Trondheim

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Trondheim (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈtrɔnhæjm]), historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. With a population of 170,936, it is the third most populated municipality and fourth most populated city in the country. It is the country seat of Sør-Trøndelag. Trondheim lays on the south shore of the Trondheimsfjord at the mouth of the river Nidelva. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), SINTEF, St. Olavs University Hospital and other technology-oriented institutions.

The settlement was founded in 997 as a trading post, and was the capital of Norway during the Viking Age until 1217. From 1152 to 1537, the city was the seat of the Archdiocese of Nidaros; since it has remained the seat of the Diocese of Nidaros and the Nidaros Cathedral. It was incorporated in 1838. The current municipality dates from 1964, when Trondheim merged with Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda and Tiller.

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