Unity, New Hampshire

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Unity is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,530 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,699.[2] The town includes the villages of East Unity, Quaker City, and West Unity.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96.3 km2), of which 36.9 sq mi (95.6 km2) is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2) is water, comprising 0.65% of the town. The highest point in Unity is an unnamed summit along the town's northern boundary, with an elevation of 2,011 feet (613 m) above sea level.

Unity is drained by the Little Sugar River.

History

Prior to British colonization, the Connecticut River valley was populated by bands of the Western Abenaki, who lived in sometimes-large villages of longhouses.[3] Depending on the season, they would either remain near their villages to fish, gather plants, engage in sugaring, and trade or fight with their neighbors, or head to nearby fowling and hunting grounds. Later, they also farmed tobacco and the "three sisters": corn, beans, and squash.[3]

Colonization eventually resulted in the establishment of the Province of New Hampshire. Within that province, the area known as modern-day Unity was part of a territory chartered in 1753 and named "Buckingham" after John Hobart, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire.[1] Grants in the area were given by both the early Massachusetts government and by Governor Benning Wentworth, which led to disputes. The town was incorporated as "Unity" in 1764 after amicable resolutions of the disputes were reached.[1]

In the 1790 census, the town had 538 residents.[1] Unity was on the Second New Hampshire Turnpike, an important trade route chartered in 1799 that connected Amherst, New Hampshire to Claremont.[4] By 1810, the town had 1,044 inhabitants, with two grain mills, five sawmills, a clothing mill and a distillery. Sheep farming was a principal business.

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