University of Nottingham

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The University of Nottingham is a public research university in the city of Nottingham, England, with further campuses in Ningbo, China and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The university was founded in 1881, gaining its Royal Charter in 1948. It is a member of the Russell Group, Universitas 21, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, and the European University Association. With over 40,000 applications every year, Nottingham is one of the top 5 most popular universities in the UK, and has been described by the Times as "the nearest Britain has to a truly global university" and a "prime alternative to Oxbridge".[10]

Contents

History

The University of Nottingham traces its origins to the founding of an adult education school in 1798, and the University Extension Lectures inaugurated by the University of Cambridge in 1873 – the first of their kind in the country.[2] Indeed, the existence of the Adult Education School has resulted in Nottingham becoming a loose contender for the crown of third oldest university in England, after Oxford and Cambridge. Yet the origins of The University of Nottingham are generally acknowledged to lie in the establishment of University College Nottingham in 1881 as a constituent college of the University of London. In 1875 an anonymous donor provided £10,000 to establish the work of the Adult Education School and Cambridge Extension Lectures on a permanent basis, and the Corporation of Nottingham agreed to erect and maintain a building for this purpose and to provide funds to supply the instruction.[2] The foundation stone of the college was duly laid in 1877 by former UK Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone,[11] and the college's distinctive neo-gothic building on Shakespeare Street was formally opened in 1881 by Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany.[11] In 1881 there were four professors – of Literature, Physics, Chemistry and Natural Science. New departments and chairs quickly followed: Engineering in 1884, Classics combined with Philosophy in 1893, French in 1897 and Education in 1905; in 1905 the combined Department of Physics and Mathematics became two separate entities; in 1911 Departments of English and Mining were created, in 1912 Economics, and Geology combined with Geography; History in 1914, Adult Education in 1923 and Pharmacy in 1925.[2]

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