Use of capital punishment by nation

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Capital punishment has been used in almost every part of the globe, but in the last few decades many countries have abolished it. Abolitionist groups including Amnesty International classify countries into four categories:[1]

  • 58 maintain the death penalty in both law and practice.
  • 95 have abolished it.
  • 9 retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as in time of war).
  • 35 permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years and are believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions or it is under a moratorium.

Additionally in 2009, Iran (5) and Saudi Arabia (2) executed offenders who were under the age of 18 at the time the crime was committed.[2] In some countries the practice of extrajudicial execution sporadically or systematically outside their own formal legal frameworks occurs. This list below includes several unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory and dependent territories, neither of which are included in the above numbers, except as noted above. Below, at least 714 were executed around the world.[3]

Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the Sort none.gif icon.

Contents

Africa

Executions in 2009: Sudan (9+), Egypt (5+), Libya (4+), Botswana (1)[4]

A project of abolition is being tabled in Parliament in Algeria by Louisa Hanoune and Ahmed Ouyahia since the summer of 2008.

On 25 May 2005 the Constitutional Court ordered that all remaining death sentences in the country be set aside and the prisoners resentenced.

{{subst:DP|CC7862|UGA|2006[41]||Treason; terrorism; murder[42]; Rape; defilement; aggravated robbery; aggravated kidnapping. On 14 June 2005 the Constitutional Court ruled that the death penalty was constitutional but its use as a mandatory punishment for certain crimes was not.[43]

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