V-2 rocket

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The V-2 rocket (German: Vergeltungswaffe 2, i.e. reprisal weapon 2), technical name A4, was a long-range ballistic missile that was developed at the beginning of the Second World War in Germany, specifically targeted at Belgium and sites in southeastern England. The rocket was the world's first long-range[3] combat-ballistic missile[4] and first known human artifact to achieve sub-orbital spaceflight.[5] It was the progenitor of all modern rockets,[6] including those used by the United States and Soviet Union space programs, which gained access to the scientists and designs through Operation Paperclip and Operation Osoaviakhim.[7]

Over 3,000 V-2s were launched as military rockets by the German Wehrmacht against Allied targets during the war, mostly London and later Antwerp, resulting in the death of an estimated 7,250 military personnel and civilians.[citation needed] The weapon was presented by Nazi propaganda as a retaliation for the bombers that succeeded in attacking ever more German cities from 1942 until the end of the war.[citation needed]

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