Valley Falls, New York

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Valley Falls is a village in Rensselaer County, New York, United States. The population was 491 at the 2000 census. The village lies on the boundary of the towns of Pittstown and Schaghticoke, but is mostly in the northwest part of Pittstown.

Contents

History

In 1871, Industrialist James Thompson built a textile mill in the village[1]. Nearly all village residents worked in the mill and school kids ran home when the mill's lunch whistle sounded. After its height of operation in the 1970s it entered a decade of decline. The mill had been vacant for at least 10 years when went up in flames in the early morning hours on April 22, 2009.[2]

By 1863 Valley Falls had established itself as a mini-industrial center. In addition to the aforementioned Thompson textile mill, the village also had a blacksmith shop, farrier shop, foundry, wainwright shop, cooperage, vineyard, three general stores, and two hotels. At this time only a single rail line (Troy & Boston RR) from Troy came through the southern limit of the village heading to Johnsonville, New York. Later, a second rail line from Schaghticoke would follow the Hoosic River past Thompson's Mill also heading to Johnsonville. [3] By the early 1970's the southern rail line was completely abandoned and had been largely dismantled.

Geography

Valley Falls is located at 42°54′3″N 73°33′45″W / 42.90083°N 73.5625°W / 42.90083; -73.5625 (42.900846, -73.562495)[4].

The Hoosic River unequally divides the village. The majority of the village is on the southern side of the Hoosic in the township of Pittstown and the "Village Annex" on the northern side is in the township of Schaghticoke.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (4.35%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 491 people, 179 households, and 132 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,119.6 people per square mile (430.9/km²). There were 191 housing units at an average density of 435.5/sq mi (167.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.35% White, 1.43% Native American, 0.81% Asian, and 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

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