Van Horn, Texas

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Van Horn is a town in and the county seat of Culberson County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 2,435 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Van Horn is located at 31°2′33″N 104°49′59″W / 31.0425°N 104.83306°W / 31.0425; -104.83306 (31.042489, -104.832928)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²), all of it land.

Eagle Field and Threemile Mountain

Threemile Mountain, note "V" for Van Horn.

History

Anglo-Texan[5] settlement began in the late 1850s and early 1860s supportive of the San Antonio-El Paso Overland Mail route.[6] Although U.S. Army Major Jefferson Van Horne is believed to have passed near the area in 1849 on his way to take command of what would later become Fort Bliss, the town is instead named for Lt. James Judson Van Horn who commanded an army garrison at the Van Horn Wells beginning in 1859. Lt. Van Horn's command was relatively short-lived as the post was seized by Confederate forces in 1861 and Lt. Van Horn taken prisoner.[7] Settlement was further stimulated by the construction of the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1881.[8][9][10]

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