Vanceboro, Maine

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Vanceboro is a town in Washington County, Maine, United States. The town was named after landowner William Vance.[1] The town is located at the eastern terminus of Maine State Route 6. Vanceboro is across the St. Croix River from St. Croix, New Brunswick, Canada, to which it is connected by the Saint Croix-Vanceboro Bridge. The crossing has a 24-hour customs station managing the border. Vanceboro is also connected to St. Croix by the Saint Croix-Vanceboro Railway Bridge which is used by the New Brunswick Southern Railway.

The population was 147 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Vanceboro was selected as the border crossing for the European and North American Railway (E&NA) between Bangor, Maine and Saint John, New Brunswick during surveys in the 1860s.

This line was opened by U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant and Governor General of Canada Lord Lisgar during a ceremony at the border in October 1871. In 1882, the E&NA's rail line from Vanceboro to Bangor was leased by the Maine Central Railroad. In 1889, the MEC's rail line through Vanceboro became part of the transcontinental network of the Canadian Pacific Railway following construction of the International Railway of Maine. In 1955 the MEC purchased the entire line from the E&NA shareholders and in 1974 the CPR purchased the line through Vanceboro from the MEC. On January 1, 1995 CPR sold the line through Vanceboro to New Brunswick Southern Railway which operates as the Eastern Maine Railway in the United States.

On February 2, 1915, Lt. Werner Horn, a German army reservist, bombed the international railway bridge crossing the St. Croix River from Vanceboro into Canada in an unsuccessful attempt to sabotage the CPR line across Maine; it was alleged that the railway was being used to transport war material across the then-neutral United States territory.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.6 square miles (58.6 km²), of which, 20.4 square miles (52.9 km²) of it is land and 2.2 square miles (5.6 km²) of it (9.64%) is water.

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