Victoria line

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The Victoria line is a deep-level London Underground line running from the south (Zone 2) to the north-east (Zone 3) of London. It is coloured light blue on the Tube map and, in terms of the average number of journeys per mile, is the busiest line on the network.[1][2] It is the only line on the Underground, except for the two-station Waterloo & City line, which is operated entirely underground, with the only section of track to emerge above ground being the route from Seven Sisters to the line's depot at Northumberland Park.map 17 The line has hump-backed stations which allow trains to store gravitational potential energy as they slow down and release it when they leave a station. This provides an energy saving of 5% and makes the trains run 9% faster.[3] 183 million passengers use the Victoria line each year making it the fourth busiest line on the network.[4] Each platform constructed specifically for the Victoria line from new is 132.6 metres (435 ft) long.[5]

Contents

History

A new tube railway running from Victoria to Walthamstow was first proposed by a Working Party set up by the British Transport Commission in 1948.[6] The main purpose of the line was to relieve congestion in the central area. The Private Bill necessary for construction was introduced into Parliament in 1955. The Bill described a line from Victoria to Walthamstow (Wood Street). There was also a proposal, although this was not included in the Bill, for a subsequent extension from Victoria to Fulham Broadway station on the District line.[7]

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